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Posted on 09-20-2017

Frequently Asked Questions About Macular Degeneration at The Eye Institute

Macular degeneration, which is often referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a condition in which the macula slowly deteriorates due to age or other chronic conditions. If you notice vision loss and you have a family history of AMD, you should schedule an appointment for eye care with our optometrist at The Eye Institute.

patient getting eye exam for macular degeneration

How do I know if I have macular degeneration?

A comprehensive eye exam that includes looking at the back of your eyes will help determine the causes of your vision changes and if they are the result of macular degeneration. In general, AMD causes no physical symptoms other than a slow loss of your central vision. If you want to test your vision for AMD, you can look at a piece of grid paper. If the line appears wavy or distorted, you may have AMD.

What are the types of macular degeneration?

There are two types of macular degeneration. The first type is called dry AMD. At this stage, there may or may not be vision loss, but yellow deposits on the macula are visible.

The second type is called wet AMD. At this stage, the yellow deposits are larger. The individual is experiencing vision changes and there is evidence of new blood vessel formation and bulging and leaking from those blood vessels.

What are the risk factors for developing macular degeneration?

Age is the primary risk factor. Individuals over the age of 60 have higher instances of AMD than any other age group. Additional risk factors include being overweight and not exercising, having a family history of AMD, smoking and having high blood pressure and/or diabetes.

What are my treatment options?

If you have Dry AMD, monitoring is generally recommended. Our optometrist may also prescribe certain nutritional supplements that may slow the progression of the disease. If you have Wet AMD, your treatment options will depend on the severity of the condition but may include medications to stop the formation of new blood vessels, laser treatments to stop leaking and/or eye surgery to remove new blood vessels.

How do I schedule an appointment with your optometrist in Knightdale, NC?

You can schedule an appointment with our optometrist in Knightdale, NC by calling us at 919-266-2048.

How has our optometrist in Knightdale helped you manage your AMD?

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Family of 4 that recently moved to the area and we are so thankful to have found such a wonderful office!! One of the hardest things when relocating is finding new doctors, but this was an easy one. The staff and Dr.'s are absolutely wonderful. From the very first phone call to the last check out, everyone in the office went above and beyond to make sure that our care and needs were being met. We have 2 younger children and they loved their office visit. We were able to get appointments right away and all of us were seen at the same time, such a stress taken off our shoulders with that one!! Thank you again to such an amazing office, so very thankful we found you!!!

Mary B.
Knightdale, NC

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